PSA Test – A Guide For All Men

Prostate-specific antigen (PSA) is primarily a protein that is produced by the prostate. The protein, produced by both cancerous and noncancerous tissue in the prostate, is found in semen and the blood. Many men are at risk of prostate cancer and a PSA blood test can help in early detection.

Most prostates grow slowly. Thus, early detection might help in saving lives –however, in many cases; it results in radiation treatments and surgeries. Such treatments can have lifelong repercussions such as male incontinence and erectile dysfunction.

Before you decide to take a PSA test, keep in mind the following:

Low PSA Is Healthy

If your PSA result is lower than four nanograms of PSA per milliliter of blood it indicates that you do not have prostate cancer. Higher levels of PSA may indicate prostate cancer depending on age and race.

Multiple factors have an impact on PSA. Thus, the results of a PSA test are not enough to diagnose cancer. If your PSA test results are high, the doctor may suggest other tests or prostate biopsy to determine the presence of cancer.

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