Lyme disease is a bacterial infection caused by being bitten by an infected tick. Four bacteria species —Borrelia burgdorferi, Borrelia mayonii, Borrelia afzelii and Borrelia garinii— are responsible for this condition. In the United States, Borrelia burgdorferi and Borrelia mayonii produce Lyme disease; for European and Asian territories, Borrelia afzelii and Borrelia garinii are responsible.
Alzheimer's disease transforms the very being of a person. It disorients and confuses the mind. Alzheimer's is a variety of dementia that affects the brain, diminishing intellectual functions, leading to memory, thinking, behavior and character problems. People who experience this disease suffer a total change in their personality tend to become depressed or irritated. They
Cellulitis is a bacterial infection that occurs in the skin and subcutaneous tissues. It is very frequent and without the proper treatment in time it can become a potentially severe disease. The Cellulitis manifests in any part of the body, although it is more common to find it in the lower part of legs or damaged
Tuberculosis is a disease that mainly affects lungs, although it also can affect brain, kidneys, spine, bladder, joints and others. The Tuberculosis is a bacterial infection that has a prevention system and is curable. The bacterium causing this disease is Mycobacterium tuberculosis. The transmission of bacteria happens through the air, only by people who already suffer
Have you ever wondered how the mood changes you experience are possible? How your brain controls and informs the rest of the body about body temperatures, sleep, hunger, thirst or sexual impulses. Well, look no further than the hypothalamus. This structure is part of the limbic system, which is the set of parts of the
All about Allergies What is an Allergic Reaction? The job of our immune systems is to fight illnesses that arrive in the form of foreign organisms. In the case of an allergy, the body confuses a harmless substance, or allergens, as one of these harmful outside organisms. The immune system’s response to allergens is the
What is Endometriosis? A woman’s menstrual cycle can be a painful and disruptive part the month, but for women with endometriosis it can mean severe damage to the reproductive organs. Endometriosis is a pain- inducing disorder that causes the uterine tissue (endometrium) to grow outside of the uterus. In the case of endometriosis, misplaced tissue
What is E. coli? You may have heard in the news about E. coli (Escherichia coli) causing people to get sick. E.coli is a large group of bacteria with several varieties. Most E. coli strains are harmless, and help break down food, but other categories can make you extremely ill. The bacteria can be found
What is Strep Throat? We have all experienced uncomfortable symptoms of a sore throat. Most of the time we must grin and bear it, because sore throats are caused mostly by viruses and are untreatable. Strep throat is a class of sore throat that occurs in the tonsils and is caused by a bacteria called
Most organs are essential for the proper function of the body, but did you know you can live a full life with only one working kidney? Kidney failure – when people lose the function of one or both of their kidneys – requires either dialysis treatment or a kidney transplant from someone with two healthy
Many of us are familiar with chickenpox from our childhood, but what do you know about its sister virus, shingles? Herpes zoster, more commonly known as shingles, is caused by the varicella zoster virus (VZV) – the chickenpox inducing virus. VZV remains dormant in the body and can reactivate later in life to cause shingles.
One thing that we all have in common is we all get sick. Sicknesses can be caused by viruses or bacteria, and treatment depends on the cause. Bacterial infections are treated with antibiotics. Antibiotics work by helping the body’s immune system kill bacteria or stop bacteria from multiplying. Medication travels through the bloodstream into the
Human papillomavirus (HPV) is the most common sexually transmitted disease (STD). So much so, that according to the National Health Service of the United Kingdom (NHS) and the American Association of Sexual Health, more than 80 per cent of sexually active men and women will contract the virus at some point in their lives.
Colorectal cancer is the cancer that originates in the colon or rectum, which is why it is also known as bowel cancer, colon cancer or rectal cancer depending on the exact origin point. Cancer takes place when the cells of the body grow with no control so that practically the cells from any part
Skin cancer - Every time you walk outside you are exposing your largest organ to the outdoor elements and, unprotected, you put yourself at risk of cancer? That’s right, your skin, or epidermis, is the largest and fastest-growing organ of the body. The skin’s jobs include protecting your internal organs, keeping out germs, and
What is Scabies? Scabies is the reaction to the parasitic infestation of Sarcoptes scabiei var hominis. The hardly visible mites burrow into the skin and lay eggs, causing an immune response of vigorous itching. It takes four to six weeks for a reaction to occur in people who have never been infected with scabies
Gout is a type of arthritis that occurs when there are high levels of uric acid in the blood. Uric acid is produced when the body breaks down purines, chemical compound found in the body and in food and drinks. When the breakdown process occurs properly, uric acid dissolves in the blood, passing through
What is Lupus? Lupus is a chronic autoimmune disease that causes pain and inflammation. When the body is affected by an autoimmune disease, it cannot differentiate between foreign entities and healthy tissue. Bodies suffering from autoimmunity create autoantibodies, due to confusion, which attack and destroy healthy tissue. Damage from lupus can occur to any
Dealing with Diarrhea Diarrhea is defined by the World Health Organization (WHO) as the passage of three or more loose/liquid stools a day (or more liquid stool than is normal for said individual). Fully formed stool, even when occurring frequently, does not constitute diarrhea. Diarrhea can last for anywhere from two to three days